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  1. #1
    Missouri Star

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    Default Thursday Trivia: Smallpox

    In 1796, English physician Edward Jenner (1749- 1823) conducted his first clinical trials in vaccination against smallpox, deriving his vaccine from the milder cowpox virus.

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    On 14 May 1796, Jenner tested his hypothesis by inoculating James Phipps, an eight-year-old boy who was the son of Jenner's gardener. He scraped pus from cowpox blisters on the hands of Sarah Nelmes, a milkmaid who had caught cowpox from a cow called Blossom, whose hide now hangs on the wall of the St George's medical school library (now in Tooting). Phipps was the 17th case described in Jenner's first paper on vaccination.

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    In Jenner's time, smallpox killed around 10 percent of the population, with the number as high as 20 percent in towns and cities where infection spread more easily.

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    Once the vaccine had been tested, Jenner vaccinated his patients, set up a free clinic to vaccinate poor people and provided other doctors with the vaccine so they could do the same. (An anti-vaccine movement came about soon after.) He even coined the word "vaccination" from "vacca," the Latin word for cow.

  2. #2
    Missouri Star

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    Default Re: Thursday Trivia: Smallpox

    Interesting.
    Blessed are the children of the piecemakers for they shall inherit the quilts!

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  4. #3
    Missouri Star

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    Default Re: Thursday Trivia: Smallpox

    Hope he got permission to give that little boy the test shot!

    You just don't think about people being smart enough in those days to come up with a vaccine!
    Vonnie

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