Marie Antoinette's signature flower was Rosa centifolia, what we'd call a cabbage rose, and what she might have called a Provence rose or "rosier a cent feuilles" — "rose of a hundred leaves."

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The name cabbage rose comes from the flower's size and shape, not from its fragrance. In fact, cabbage roses have a sweet, pleasing scent, which is why perfumers love them and possibly why Marie Antoinette surrounded herself with them (18th-century hygiene being somewhat dubious).

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