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Star lover
January 7th, 2019, 09:03 AM
The Eiffel Tower is located on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France, it is one of the most well known structures in the world.

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The Eiffel Tower was originally built as the entrance arch for the World's Fair in 1889. It was designed to stand for 20 years and then to be dismantled.

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It is named after Gustave Eiffel, whose company was in charge of the project. It was actually designed by engineer Maurice Koechlin and Émile Nouguier.

156944. Gustavo Eiffel

156945. Maurice Koechlin. 156948. Émile Nouguier


The Eiffel Tower is 320 meters (1050 feet) in height and was the tallest man made structure in the world for 41 years before being surpassed by the Chrysler Building in New York.

The Eiffel Tower is made of iron and weighs around 10,000 tonnes.

Around 50 tonnes of paint are added to the Eiffel Tower every 7 years to protect it from rust. The Tower has been re-painted 18 times since its initial construction. It has changed color several times, passing from red-brown to yellow-ochre, then to chestnut brown and finally to the bronze of today, slightly shaded off towards the top to ensure that the color is perceived to be the same all the way up as it stands against the Paris sky.

Despite its height, the Eiffel Tower was designed to be wind resistant, swaying only a few inches in the wind. It actually moves further when the iron on the sun facing side heats and expands, moving the top up to 7 inches (18 centimeters) away from the sun.

Temperature also alters the height of the Eiffel Tower by up to 6 inches (15 centimeters).

Millions of people climb the Eiffel Tower every year and it has had over 250 million visitors since its opening.

Visitors can climb up stairs to the first two levels or take a lift which also has access to the third and highest level. The Eiffel Tower has 108 stories, with 1,710 steps. However, visitors can only climb stairs to the first platform.

Not everyone liked the Eiffel Tower when it was first built, with many criticizing its bold design.

The French name for the Eiffel Tower is La Tour Eiffel, it also has the nickname La dame de fer which means the iron lady.

Victor Lustig, a con artist, "sold" the tower for scrap metal on two separate occasions.

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During the German occupation, the tower's lift cables were cut, and the tower closed to the public. Nazi soldiers then attempted to attach a swastika to the top, but it was so large it blew away and had to be replaced with a smaller one. Hitler ordered the tower to be demolished, but General Dietrich von Choltitz, the military governor of Paris, refused.

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Eiffel built a secret room for himself. Located on the third level of the tower, 1,000 feet in the air, Eiffel’s cozy apartment was built with rustic wooden furniture, a grand piano, and all the cutting-edge lab equipment of the day. He used the space to host visiting notables like Thomas Edison.

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There are also rooms below the Eiffel Tower. Used during WW II by the German gestapo to torture French resistance fighters.

Photographing the Tower at night is illegal.

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grammaterry
January 7th, 2019, 11:32 AM
very interesting. I wonder if the rooms below were built before or after construction of the tower.

SuzanneOrleansOntario
January 7th, 2019, 08:36 PM
Very interesting.

I bet they have yet to arrest anyone for taking pictures of it at night.